Welcome to the Network of Excellence on Psychological Resilience for Military !

Organizations that place high demands on their employees need to have a special concern for their employees’ resilience. The military is such an organization. Especially around deployments, service members are confronted with a wide range of stressors and potentially traumatic experiences [1]. In the short term, these conditions may have consequences for their operational effectiveness [2]; in the long term, service members’ mental health may be severely affected [3,4]. Psychologically resilient service members are better able to cope with, and overcome exposure to these conditions, both in the short term and in the longer term [5].

Due to several changes, individuals joining the military are more vulnerable to stress and psychological effects. These change include

  • societal changes including shifting work-life balance,
  • a new military culture including increase of integration with society,
  • a smaller defence organisation (better performance with less personnel),
  • an increasing number of missions which are becoming more demanding.


[1] Bartone, P. T., Adler, A. B., & Vaitkus, M. A. 1998 Dimensions of psychological stress in peacekeeping operations. Mil Med 163, 587–93.
[2] Campbell, D. J., & Nobel, O. B. -Y. 2009 Occupational stressors in military service: A review and framework. Mil Psychol 21, 47–67. (doi:10.1080/08995600903249149)
[3] Pietrzak, R. H., Johnson, D. C., Goldstein, M. B., Malley, J. C., & Southwick, S. M. 2009 Psychological resilience and post deployment social support protect against traumatic stress and depressive symptoms in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. Depress Anxiety 26, 745-751. (doi:10.1002/da.20558)
[4] Tanielian, T., & Jaycox, L. H. 2008 Invisible wounds of war: Psychological and cognitive injuries, their consequences, and services to assist recovery. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation. (doi:10.1093/occmed/kqp006)
[5] Pietrzak, R. H., & Southwick, S. M. 2011 Psychological resilience in OEF–OIF Veterans: Application of a novel classification approach and examination of demographic and psychosocial correlates. J Affect Disorders 133, 560-568. (doi:10.1016/j.jad.2011.04.028)

Leave a Reply